Oleogranuloma of the breast

Oleogranuloma of the breast is benign seal From tissues, altered by the inflammatory process after contact with a foreign body.

When a body enters the body from the outside, it causes a rejection reaction, which leads to the appearance of a tumor. Oleogranuloma is often taken for cancer pathology, because the symptoms of these diseases are almost the same. Identify the cause of the disease can only be after a thorough examination of the mammologist.

Types of oleogranulomas of the breast

Doctors distinguish the following types of breast oleogranulum:

  • Injection (they are also artificial) - are formed after various fat and oils have been introduced into the subcutaneous cover.
  • Post-traumatic - arise after the received injuries on the mammary glands (strokes, bruises, falls, wrong massage). Mainly accompanied by necrosis of fatty fibers.
  • Near inflammatory - located next to the focus of the inflammatory process, gradually moving to fatty tissue, disastrously affecting them.
  • Spontaneous (cutaneous granulomas) - the reasons for their appearance are unknown.

Basically, the first three species are always located next to the places where the injection was made, an injury was received, or the process of inflammation began. Spontaneous appearance mainly occurs on the hands, legs, shoulders and in the pelvic area. Very rarely it will develop simultaneously on the left and on the right side.

Causes

  • trauma and other mechanical external influences;
  • surgery to remove the breast or its lobe;
  • breast augmentation surgery (insertion implants);
  • rapid loss of habitual weight;
  • foreign bodies - silicone, gels, ointments, synthetic threads;
  • inflammatory process in the tissues of the breast;
  • infectious diseases;
  • hormonal disorders;
  • exposure to radiation during radiation therapy.

Symptoms

  • under the skin on the chest appear voluminous Nodules like tumors;
  • the surface of the skin may be a tuberous or dense consistency;
  • On the skin over the formation of redness;
  • feeling of pain and discomfort In the area of ​​compaction as it increases;
  • over the tumor the skin is drawn;
  • tumor with time increases;
  • there are sores, through fistula there is excretion of pus (only in the case when the disease is started).

Diagnostics

To diagnose and prescribe a timely treatment, a woman should consult a specialist:

  • mammologu;
  • mammologist - oncologist;
  • the surgeon.

After the examination, the doctor will prescribe additional medical examinations:

After the doctor receives the results of the examinations he chooses the treatment.

Treatment

To cure oleogranuloma conservative treatment is impossible, the only option is a surgical intervention.

The degree of removal of the affected tissue depends on its magnitude and the presence of an inflammatory process. During the operation, the doctor removes the foreign body from the chest, which became the cause of the disease.

In the postoperative period, the doctor prescribes anti-inflammatory treatment and immunomodulators.

Prevention

To prevent this disease, a woman should avoid breast trauma.

If chest trauma still occurred, then first, using a bandage, give it an elevated position, and in the second turn, contact a specialist.

In order to prevent the development of breast oleogranuloma, a woman needs to be attentive to any types of breast trauma she has received and do not ignore regular diagnostic procedures after surgery.